Posted by: yuvan004 | September 21, 2010

Creating a blog or subdomain in your site using your wordpress


In WordPress 3.0, you now have the ability to create a network of sites (Multisite). This Article is instructions for creating a network. It is very similar to creating your own personal version of wordpress.com.

Before You Begin

Admin Requirements

If you want to run a network of blogs you should at least have a basic understanding of UNIX/Linux administration. A basic knowledge of WordPress development, PHP, HTML and CSS is recommended as well.

Setting up and running a multi-site installation is more complex than a single-site install. Reading this page should help you to decide if you really need a multi-site install, and what might be involved with creating one. If the instructions on this page make no sense to you, be sure to test things on a development site first, rather than your live site.

Server Requirements

Since this feature requires extra server setup and more technical ability, please check with your webhost and ask if they support the use of this feature. It is not recommended to try this on shared hosting.

WordPress Settings Requirements

  • Giving WordPress its own directory will not work in WordPress 3.0 with multisite enabled. It interferes with the member blog lookup.
  • You cannot create a network in the following cases:
    • “WordPress address (URL)” is different from “Site address (URL)”.
    • “WordPress address (URL)” uses a port number other than ‘:80′, ‘:443′.
  • You cannot choose Sub-domain Install in the following cases:
    • WordPress install is in a directory (not in document root).
    • “WordPress address (URL)” is localhost.
    • “WordPress address (URL)” is IP address such as 127.0.0.1.
  • You cannot choose Sub-directory Install in the following cases:
    • If your existing WordPress installation has been set up for more than a month, due to issues with existing permalinks. (This problem will be fixed in a future version.)

(See wp-admin/network.php for more detail)

Step 1: Backup Your WordPress

Your WordPress will be updated when creating a Network. Please backup your database and files.

Step 2: Setting Wildcard Subdomains

(If this is a Sub-directories Install, skip this step.)

Sub-domain sites work with the use of wildcard subdomains. This is a two-step process:

  1. Apache must be configured to accept wildcards.
    1. Open up the httpd.conf file or the include file containing the VHOST entry for your web account.
    2. Add this line:
      ServerAlias *.example.com
  2. In the DNS records on your server, add a wildcard subdomain that points to the main installation. It should look like:
    A *.example.com

External links:

Step 3: Allow Multisite

To enable the Network menu item, you must first define multisite in the wp-config.php file.

Open up wp-config.php and add this line above where it says /* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */:

define('WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE', true);

Step 4: Installing a Network

This will enable the Network menu item to appear in the Tools menu. Visit Administration > Tools > Network to see the screen where you will configure certain aspects of our network.

Tools Network SubPanel

Addresses of Sites in your Network
You are given the choice between sub-domains or sub-directories (if none of the above applies). This means each additional site in your network will be created as a new virtual subdomain or subdirectory. you have to pick one or the other, and you cannot change this unless you reconfigure your install. See also Before you Begin.

  • Sub-domains — like site1.example.com and site2.example.com
  • Sub-directories — like example.com/site1 and example.com/site2
Network Details
There are filled in automatically.
Server Address
The Internet address of your network will be example.com.
Network Title
What would you like to call your network?
Admin E-mail Address
Your email address.

Double-check they are correct and click the Install button.

Step 5: Enabling the Network

The rest of the steps are ones you must complete in order to finish.

Tools Network Created

0. First, back up your existing wp-config.php and .htaccess files.
1. Create a blogs.dir directory under /wp-content/
This directory is used to stored uploaded media for your additional sites and must be writable by the web server. They should be CHOWNed and CHMODed the same as your wp-content directory.
2. Add the extra lines your WordPress installation generates into your wp-config.php file.
These lines are dynamically generated for you based on your configuration.
Edit the wp-config.php file while you are logged in to your sites admin panel.
Paste the generated lines immediately above /* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */.
Remove the earlier placed define('WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE', true); line only if you wish to remove the Network menu in the admin area. You may choose to leave this to be able to access the .htaccess rules again..
3. Add the generated mod_rewrite rules to your .htaccess file, replacing other WordPress rules.
(If there isn’t one, then create it.)
These lines are dynamically generated for you based on your configuration.
4. Log in again.
Once the above steps are completed and the new wp-config.php & .htaccess files are saved, your network is enabled and configured. You will have to log in again. click “Log In” to refresh your Adminstration Panel. If you have problems logging back in, please clear your browser’s cache and cookies.

Step 6: Super Admin Settings

You will now see a new menu section called Super Admin. The menus contained in there are for adding and managing additional sites in your network. Your base WordPress install is now the main site in your network.

Go Super Admin > Options panel to configure network options, and then create sites and users.

Things You Need To Know

Here are some additional things you might need to know about advanced administration of the blog network.

WordPress Plugins

WordPress Plugins now have additional flexibility, depending upon their implementation across the network.
  • Site Specific Plugins: WordPress Plugins to be activated or deactivated by an individual blog owner are stored in the plugins directory. You need to enable the Plugins page for individual site administrators from Network > Options.
  • Network Plugins: WordPress Plugins stored in the plugins directory can be activated across the network by the super admin.
  • Must-Use Plugins: Plugins to be used by all sites on the entire network may also be installed in the mu-plugins directory as single files, or a file to include a subfolder. Any files within a folder will not be read. These files are not activated or deactivated; if they exist, they are used.

Categories and Tags

Global terms are disabled in WordPress 3.0 by default. You can use the Sitewide Tags WordPress Plugin or other similar Plugins to incorporate global tags on the portal/front page of the site or on specific pages or blogs within the network to increase navigation based upon micro-categorized content.

.htaccess and Mod Rewrite

Unlike Single Site WordPress, which can work with “ugly” Permalinks and thus does not need Mod Rewrite, MultiSite requires its use to format URLs for your subsites. This necessitates the use of an .htaccess file, the format of which will be slightly different if you’re using SubFolders or SubDomains. The examples below are the standard .htaccess entries for WordPress SubFolders and SubDomains, when WordPress is installed in the root folder of your website. If you have WordPress in it’s own folder, you will need to change the value for RewriteBase appropriately.

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